Parallel Structure – Parallelism

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parallelismWhat do you know about parallel structure? I guess you have not ever heard about it.

So let’s figure it out.

I think the best way to understand the parallel structure is to look at the examples:

1.
Mr. Evan is a lawyer, a politician and he teaches. (Not parallel) noun + noun + verb
Mr. Evan is a lawyer, a politician and a teacher. (Parallel) noun + noun + noun

2.
I like to run, swim, and surfing. (Not parallel) infinitive + simple verb + verb+ing
I like to run, to swim, and to surf. (Parallel) infinitive + infinitive + infinitive
I like running, fishing, and surfing. (Parallel) verb+ing + verb+ing + verb+ing

 Parallel structure is using the same pattern of words to show an equal importance of ideas. It makes our speech better. Coordinative conjunctions are used to join parallel structures (and, or).

So it’s time to check your understanding. Try to find parallel structures:

  1. Ryan likes swimming (noun), hiking (noun), and to ride a motorcycle (phrase).
    Ryan likes swimming(noun), hiking(noun), and riding a motorcycle(noun)
  2. Students were asked to do their assignments quickly (adverb), accurately (adverb), and in a detailed manner (phrase).
    Students were asked to do their assignments quickly (adverb), accurately (adverb), and thoroughly (adverb).
  3. Dad told me that I should study a lot (clause), that I should not eat fast food (clause), and to maintain a strict routine before the exam (phrase).
    Dad told me that I should study a lot (clause), that I should not eat fast food (clause), and that I should maintain a strict routine before the exam (clause).
    -or-
    Dad told me that I should study a lot (phrase), not eat fast food (phrase), and maintain a strict routine before the exam (phrase).
  4. Thomas expected that he would present his ideas at the meeting (active), that there would be time for him to show his slide presentation (active), and that he would be agreed by his partners (passive).
    Mr. Thomas expected that he would present his ideas at the meeting (active), that there would be time for him to show his slide presentation (active), and that his partners would agree with him (active).
  5. The soldiers approached the enemy camp slowly (adverb) and silent (adjective).
    The soldiers approached the enemy camp slowly (adverb) and silently (adverb)

 

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